Obesity in Latin America: Drastic measures in the fight against Obesity

Anyone who is in Chile through a supermarket sees black in the true sense of the word. They are octagonal in shape and should be ignored: black warning icons on unh

Anyone who is in Chile through a supermarket sees black in the true sense of the word. They are octagonal in shape and should be ignored: black icons warning of unhealthy food. You are emblazoned on the front of several packages and warn of high amounts of sugar, salt, calories or saturated fat.

“Symbols make me feel guilty,” says Camila Gajardo. When she goes shopping, she looks for the 24-year-old for products without labels, she says. However, not all Chileans: the new health campaign impresses. “For me, the warning signs are completely irrelevant,” says Miguel Toledo. The 31-year-old man from Santiago does not hide his obesity. He was already like a little boy, just like his parents and siblings.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, almost 60 percent of the population is obese. Economic growth, increasing urbanization and higher average income are some of the reasons for this. The leaders are the Bahamas (69 percent), Mexico (64 percent) and Chile (63 percent), according to the Pan-American occupied niches report of the health organization. The trend does not stop in front of young people. According to the OECD, 44.5 percent of all children in Chile are overweight. In the south, it exceeds even the long-time leader USA (39.9 percent). In Mexico, 35 percent.

obesity can make you sick

This is a development with serious consequences. Obesity and overweight increase the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Childhood obesity can cause physical and psychosocial damage. Eating disorders, depression and low self-esteem are potential consequences. Obesity is also a cost factor. The Mexican Ministry of Health estimates that in 2017 the costs incurred due to the disease amounted to 10.4 billion euros.

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The danger in bacon is the reason fat people get cancer more often

The reactions to the alarming figures are different. There is hardly any country, however, that has reacted as radically as Chile. In June 2016, the Ministry of Health closed the emergency brake and launched far-reaching reforms. The result is black symbols on junk food. They act like stop signs, especially on children, says former Health Minister Carmen Castillo. She was involved in their mandate under Socialist President Michelle Bachelet which significantly led to the execution.

in addition to labeling, bans on advertising and sales were also enacted. Selected products may no longer be sold in Chilean schoolyards. Advertising of this food on television, radio and in the cinema is prohibited during the day. Furthermore, Casino Siteleri’s packaging and advertising must not be specifically aimed at children under the age of 14.

many manufacturers are affected by the new regulations. Companies such as Kellogg’s have had to remove boxes featuring cartoon characters from their cereals, Kinder Surprise for children has been completely banned from the shelves. Even McDonald’s had to adapt its famous Happy Meal in stores in Chile. Many companies and food associations criticized Chile’s course, Ferrero even went to court – but without success.

One in two Mexican children is at risk of dying from diabetes

Mexico has such measures. Although the Ministry of Health, obesity and diabetes in 2016, explained the epidemiological emergency. One in two Mexican children is at risk of developing diabetes. However, small stalls gather with bright, colorful packaging, preferably right in front of the school gates. Lollipops, chocolate bars and crisp packs are sold here alongside toys and image collections directly to a young target audience.

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people disease obesity Less fat, sugar, salt: citizens to eat healthier, dpa,

, According to the Mexican NGO for consumer protection, “El Poder del Consumidor”, there was a lack of mandatory measures, especially in school lunches. There are well-intentioned policies, which are not implemented or insufficiently implemented in practice, but whatever. From the organization’s point of view, the guidelines should finally be mandatory.

as of 2016, as in Mexico, a ten percent tax on sugary drinks has been proposed. Because of this, the consumption of soft drinks fell by 6.3 percent, while the consumption of water increased by almost 13 percent, nutritionists announced last year in the magazine “The Journal of Nutrition”.

sugar tax? Not in Germany

In Germany, you want to know such a tax on sugar and 13.7 percent of girls and 17.6 percent of boys deal with it, although, according to a study by the Robert Koch Institute from the beginning of this year, it is one to three times a year. a day on soft drinks that contain sugar. Federal Minister of Food, Julia Klöckner (CDU) relies more on a voluntary basis.

Instead of a sugar tax, Klöckner presented an agreement in principle with business associations in mid-October. From 2019, the food industry is obliged to reduce the proportion of sugar, fat and salt in ready meals. The World Health Organization (WHO), as well as the professional Association of Doctors for Children and Adolescents, have been warning for years that the obligations are too small.

In Chile, they showed that the new laws are already in force. Even before the law came into force, 20 percent of producers would have reduced the amount of salt, sugar, fat and calories, says former Health Minister Castillo. “Fantastic reaction.” However, they did not remove the Chileans. “It’s very difficult to establish healthy habits,” says Castillo. It would be too early to take stock after such a short time. Nevertheless, Chile has become a model for other countries.

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Katharina Meyer / Antonia March houses / ikr / DPA Updated date: 23 November 2018, 20:01

Categories: Optical Illusion
Source: newstars.edu.vn

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