Death of Jens Büchner: What you should know about lung cancer

Jens Büchner was famous as an immigrant in the TV show “Goodbye Germany – Expats” (Vox). Büchner has been working on images that have been taken over the past few months

Jens Büchner was famous as an immigrant in the TV show “Goodbye Germany – Expats” (Vox). Büchner worked on pictures that were taken in the last few months, healthy and extremely thin. During the weekend, the 49-year-old father of the family died in Palma de Mallorca. He succumbed to cancer. As his manager told the “Bild” newspaper, TV Star was suffering from lung cancer that had already spread.

Büchner was not faced with this diagnosis for the first time. Five years ago, doctors discovered a shadow on his lung, telling him he had lung cancer. A denial followed soon after: It was a misdiagnosis. Further investigation could not confirm the suspicion. Now he has succumbed to the TV star’s illness.

How common is lung cancer? Is it true that only smokers get sick from them? And is there a chance for a cure? The most important questions and answers at a glance.

lung cancer – what is it?

lung cancer is a malignant tumor, tissue in the lungs or lower respiratory tract, bronchi, sits. Doctors talk about “carcinoma” and they differ depending on the location of the tumor in the lung or bronchial carcinoma.

Some types of cancer can metastasize to the lungs. Strictly speaking, this is not lung cancer, because the tumor originates in another organ.

How common is lung cancer?

In Germany, 53,800 people were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2014 – including 34,500 men and 19,300 women. Lung cancer is the fourth most common cancer in Germany.

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In terms of gender, there is an interesting development: the incidence and mortality figures are in overall decline in men, while they are increasing in women. Because this is due to changes in the smoking behavior of women. While in the past, men in particular attacked the cigarette, the female gender caught up in the decades before the turn of the millennium. Accordingly, the disease grows. In 2018, a cancer registry in Germany is expected with 22,000 new cases among women.

What risk factors are there?

“The greatest risk factor for the development of lung cancer is tobacco smoke, from a cigarette, cigar, pipe or hookah,” writes the cancer information service, the German Cancer Research Center. About nine out of ten men with lung cancer got the disease, probably because of smoking. In women, six out of ten people are affected.

However, it is not only smokers who are dangerous to themselves with Smoke. “It also passively increases the risk of smoking.”

Some patients develop lung cancer without ever having been exposed to smoking or secondhand smoke. It is suspected that you may have other risk factors that have triggered the disease, for example, some chemical substances, diesel exhaust, quartz or respirable dust Onwin in the workplace,” is part of the cancer information service. Also, the radioactive noble gas Radon, which occurs naturally in some areas of Germany and increases in the soil, can cause lung cancer. This can be supplemented by hereditary factors.

What are the symptoms that may indicate lung cancer?

It is dangerous for lung cancer, the disease is often detected late and then progresses. Under certain circumstances, lung cancer can spread and create metastases in other organs, such as the brain, bones, liver or adrenal glands.

There are only a few early warning signs. Suspect a recurring cough that lasts for weeks or a chronic cough that suddenly worsens. Smokers in particular should take these symptoms seriously and consult a doctor for clarification. Sudden weight loss without dieting, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, chest or bone pain, and prolonged fatigue and lethargy may be symptoms.

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In this case, the doctor will first examine the patient’s general condition, listen to the heart and lungs, and scan the neck and torso for enlarged lymph nodes. X-ray examination of the chest, computed tomography and ultrasound examinations are available as additional examinations. Lung endoscopy (bronchoscopy) helps reliably identify or rule out lung cancer. Here, doctors examine the inside of the lungs with a camera and, if necessary, take small tissue samples. The patient receives a local anesthetic and a sedative.

How is lung cancer treated?

Therapy depends on the type of cancer – so after that, whether it is small or non-small cell cancer.

In the case of non-small cell cancer, doctors first try to surgically remove the tumor. This is all in the case of a good general condition of the patient, and if the remaining lung tissue is not sufficient to take over the respiratory function. Larger, more advanced tumors can be treated with chemotherapy and additional radiation. In addition, there are drugs that can intervene in the metabolism of tumor cells and inhibit growth.

In the case of small cell carcinoma, surgery is rare. Instead, sufferers receive chemotherapy and often additional radiation. “Tumor growth can be a brake,” writes the cancer information service.

In addition, pain relievers are available in different strengths, training may be for the therapy being taken.

lung cancer is incurable?

cancer is detected at an early stage, the prognosis of patients. But even after successful treatment, the cancer can return. Regular check-up visits to the doctor are important. As a general rule: The longer the patient remains pain-free after tumor removal, the greater the likelihood of a permanent cure.

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He formed lung cancer metastases, the disease is often curable. In this case, the treatment aims to slow down the growth of the tumor and alleviate the symptoms of the disease.

I’ve been smoking for decades. Can I reduce my risk of lung cancer at all if I stop smoking?

Yes, quitting smoking pays off at any age. However, the earlier in life, the greater the positive effect. Ten years after the last cigarette, the risk of some types of cancer, diseases such as cancer of the mouth, trachea and esophagus decreases. The risk of developing lung cancer is reduced by half compared to people who smoked. After almost 15 years, the risk of cardiovascular disease is approximately at the level of a lifelong non-smoker.

Can lung cancer be prevented?

Up to 90 percent of all malignant tumors can be attributed to smoking. Anyone who wants to prevent lung cancer should abstain, therefore, consistently focused on tobacco. Staying in deserted smoky rooms should also be avoided. Safety precautions should be strictly observed when working with carcinogenic materials. This is especially true in the workplace.

In the case of lung cancer, there is currently no completely safe screening for early detection in any dog. Therefore, risk prevention is particularly important.

sources: German Cancer Research Center – Cancer Information Service / Cancer Registry Data Center (ZfKD) at the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) / smoke-free – Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) / lung doctors in the network, German Society for pneumology and respiratory medicine e. V.

ikr Updated date: November 22, 2018, 8:00 p.m

Categories: Optical Illusion
Source: newstars.edu.vn

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