World Zoonoses Day 2023: theme, history, meaning and facts about this disease

World Day for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases from Animals to Humans 2023: World Day for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases from Animals to Humans is celebrated on 6 July every year around the world. This day is celebrated to raise awareness about zoonotic diseases and their impact on human and animal health. It serves as a reminder that zoonotic diseases are a global health concern that requires ongoing attention, research and collaboration to prevent disease outbreaks, protect human health and protect human health. public health and promote human and animal welfare.

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Zoonosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted between species from animals to humans (or from humans to animals). It can be transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, consumption of contaminated food or water, or vectors of disease such as ticks and mosquitoes.

World Zoonoses Day 2023: Theme

Every year, World Zoonoses Day is celebrated around a specific theme. And the theme for 2023 is “One World, One Health: Stop zoonotic disease, stop its spread”.

World Zoonoses Day 2023: History

Over the years, zoonotic diseases continue to pose a significant threat to global public health. In 1885, Louis Pasteur, a famous French scientist, successfully created the first rabies vaccine. This important achievement marks an important milestone in the understanding of zoonoses, diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. Pasteur’s work laid the foundation for the understanding and prevention of zoonotic diseases. Recognizing the importance of raising awareness about zoonotic diseases, World Day for the Prevention of zoonotic diseases was officially established in 2007.

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World Day for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases from Animals to Humans 2023: Meaning

World Animal-to-Human Communicable Diseases Day aims to educate people about the risks associated with zoonotic diseases, promote prevention measures, and emphasize the importance of zoonotic diseases. multidisciplinary cooperation between the fields of human, animal and environmental health.

World Zoonoses Day 2023: the truth

These facts highlight the importance of understanding and addressing zoonotic diseases to protect public health and ensure human and animal welfare:

  • Zoonoses are diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi.
  • Approximately 60% of known human infectious diseases and 75% of emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in nature.
  • Zoonoses can be transmitted by a variety of routes, including direct contact with infected animals, consumption of contaminated food or water, inhalation of infectious particles, and the bite of infected vectors. diseases such as mosquitoes and ticks.
  • Some well-known zoonotic diseases include rabies, Ebola, avian influenza (avian flu), Zika virus, Lyme disease, and COVID-19.
  • Zoonoses can have a significant impact on human health, causing mild to severe illness and even death. They can also have an economic impact due to healthcare costs, lost productivity and trade restrictions.
  • Domestic animals, such as dogs and cats, can act as reservoirs for diseases from animals to humans and transmitting them to humans. Livestock, including poultry, pigs and cattle, can also be a source of zoonotic disease.
  • Wild animals play an important role in the transmission of diseases from animals to humans. Human encroachment into natural habitats and increased contact with wildlife can facilitate the spread of disease from animals to humans.
  • Prevention and control of zoonotic diseases requires a One Health approach, which recognizes the interrelationships between human health, animal health and the environment. Collaboration between the health professions, veterinary services, environmental agencies and other stakeholders is essential.
  • Appropriate hygiene practices, such as frequent hand washing, safe food handling and preparation, and proper waste management, can help reduce the risk of animal-to-human infection.
  • Vaccination plays an important role in preventing a number of diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans. Vaccinating people and animals can help control the spread of disease and protect populations.
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On World Animal-to-Human Communicable Diseases, many organizations, government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) organize awareness campaigns, conferences, seminars and events. to educate the public about zoonotic diseases. These initiatives highlight the need for improved surveillance, early detection, rapid response, and effective control measures to prevent the spread of zoonotic diseases, and protect human and animal populations.

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